April 6 2014
This web site reviews topics relevant to herbal supplements, products, and medicine.
Herbal Supplement for depression
St. John's wort is an herbal remedy for depression.
Herbal Supplement for anxiety
Kava, passionflower, and valerian are natural remedies for anxiety.
Herbal Supplement for diabetes
There are several herbs that have been found to be helpful as a natural herbal treatment for diabetes. These herbs include: Banaba has been used in the Philippines for the treatment of diabetes. Fenugreek is an herb that helps support healthy blood sugar levels. Psyllium half or one teaspoon in a glass of water twice daily with food. Cinnamon -- 1 to 5 grams daily improves sugar levels and reduces blood lipids.
Herbal remedy for menopause - Are there cures for
menopause and hot flashes
Estrogen works well to reduce hot flashes but long term use could cause side effects and increase the risk for breast cancer and blood clots. Certain natural herbal home remedies could be helpful. These include:
Soy isoflavonoids -- Four-week supplementation with soy isoflavone has beneficial effects on bone metabolism and on serum lipids in perimenopausal women. These effects could have the potential to reduce risks of postmenopausal osteoporosis and of cardiovascular diseases in such women.
Black Cohosh -- A review of randomized, controlled trials found black cohosh and foods that contain phytoestrogens show promise for the treatment of menopausal symptoms. Ann Intern Med 2002.
Chaste Berry, Red Clover extract, and St. John's wort for mood enhancement are other options.
Natural herbal supplement for libido
What is the best herbal libido enhancer, Natural Aphrodisiac?
Each person is different and hence one herbal remedy for libido may work for one person but not for another. Passion Rx is an excellent option. Yohimbe and Eurycoma LJ100, along with epimedium extract are good options.
Herbal sex stimulant - nutritional supplement for better sex
There are many herbal sex stimulants that work including tongkat ali, horny goat weed, muira puama, maca, avena sativa, butea superba, Mucuna Pruriens, butea frondosa and catuaba. Tribulus, also called "puncture vine," is a plant long used around the world for the treatment of various ailments. Tribulus may work by relaxing smooth muscles and increasing blood flow into the corpus cavernosa. The relaxant effect observed is probably due to the increase in the release of nitric oxide from the endothelium and nerve endings. You will find online web sites promoting Herbal Viagra products. Many of these products do actually work to enhance sexual pleasure and libido. One such product is Passion Rx.
Natural supplement use
Many people are searching for herbal cures and alternatives to pharmaceutical medicines. Although medications are very important in many health conditions, such as pain relief and the treatment of infections, many nutritional and dietary supplements can be effective for the treatment of chronic medical conditions or symptoms such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes type 2, age related vision loss, age related cognitive decline, sexual dysfunction, arthritis, prostate problems, fatigue, and obesity. Most doctors are not aware of the vast potential of herbal cures and that is unfortunate. Dietary supplements often have fewer side effects and they are much cheaper than drugs. Unfortunately, nutritional therapy is not taught in most medical schools.
Herbal medicine and remedy use
Herbal supplement use is widespread in the US adult population, despite the fact that few participants inform their conventional health care providers about their use of an herbal remedy or product. The reasons that patients do not inform their doctor of nutrition supplement use are many, but three that come to mind include:
1. Patients do not expect their doctors to know much more about herbal supplements than they do, particularly if they read a lot about alternative remedy treatments and keep up with supplement information and research. Furthermore, some patients may be nervous that their doctor may dismiss or say something derogatory about natural supplements.
2. Patients may not realize that natural plants and extracts can often have a profound influence on their health, medical condition, sleep patterns, energy level, mood, and interact with other medicines. Hence, they may not think it is appropriate or necessary for them to mention the use of these products during an office visit.
3. Most doctors do not have enough time to discuss herbal supplements with their patients within the allotted time needed to satisfy a managed care medical office, or to make a suitable income after office expenses. Talking about herbs takes a lot of time. Insurance companies, and certainly Medical and Medicald, are not going to reimburse a doctor adequately enough to justify the extra time. It's a difficult situation to resolve. And even more difficult is finding a knowledgeable doctor who practices herbal medicine and takes supplements himself or herself to have first hand knowledge of herbal remedies. Some patients visit an herbal store for advice. The accuracy of the advice at an herbal store is hit and miss, just like the advice from a traditional medical doctor regarding herbal medicine.
Herbal remedy and treatment side effects
There are countless herbal remedies and medications available. Herbal medication treatment does have side effects, sometimes minor, other times very serious. Certain herbs and herbal extracts can speed heart rate and cause heart rhythm abnormalities. Many people think that natural herbal treatment has few side effects, but that is not true. Although herbal treatment has fewer side effects than drug treatment, nevertheless one has to be cautious. Plus, herbal treatment could have unexpected reactions when combined with prescription medicines.
Extracts and nutritional supplements
Originally herbs were used as a whole plant, but in the last few decades more and more herbal raw material suppliers are providing herbal extract that are concentrated to anywhere from 2 to 100 times or more. In some cases an herbal extract works better than the whole herb, but in other cases the whole herb may be more effective. We received an email question on the topic of herbal extracts.
Extracts versus the whole herb. Which is healthier?
Q. In terms of herbal supplements, and in particular the ones containing herbal extracts, I've been wondering whether they are really such a good idea, in that they as I understand it, contain isolated and concentrated components of herbs, these components being what are considered the "active" components. My concerns are: When these so-called "active" components are isolated and concentrated in this way, are we not possibly excluding other important synergistic components that would normally work with these components in the natural situation, i.e. in the whole herb? and, when the components are concentrated in this way, is this not now bordering on being like an artificial drug where the active herbal components are present in amounts not normally found in the natural whole herb? Add to that the fact that other components are excluded which otherwise (at least I wonder) maybe would have somehow "balanced" these active components. Is this then safe? Basically I've been wondering these things, comparing whole herbs to herbal extracts. Hope your highly knowledgeable staff will enlighten me.
A. This is an excellent question. There is no blanket statement that can be made. Each herb has to be evaluated individually to see whether the whole herb or the extract is preferable. With some herbs, it may be better to take the whole herb, and with others, an herbal extract may be preferable. Sometimes the active ingredients are too minimal within the herb, or there may be toxic or unwanted substances within the herb that need to be removed in order to obtain the active ingredients without toxicity. As a rule, we prefer the whole herb, but we have no problems using extracts when appropriate. Sometimes the active ingredients have to be concentrated in order for therapeutic amounts of the active herb to fit in a capsule.
We have to keep in mind that nature did not produce herbs with the intent that these would be beneficial to human consumption or to treat a human medical condition. Herbs evolved in order to protect themselves from microbes, insects and animals that would eat them or to protect themselves from harsh environmental conditions. It just happens that certain herbs have some beneficial compounds that we find helpful. But this does not mean that every molecule or substances within an herb is beneficial.
As to whether concentrated herbal extracts are drugs depends on how one defines a drug. We consider a drug any substance that is not normally found in the body. By this definition most herbs are drugs, whether whole or concentrated, or extracted. However, there are substances within herbs that are useful to the body and are normally found in the body. For instance, goji berry has zeaxanthin, a carotenoid, which is found in the retina and other tissues. Hence, certain components of some herbs are not drugs but supply crucial molecules to the body. One advantage of standardized herbal extracts is that different research labs can compare their results using the exact same herbal extract. One example is ginkgo extract, another is saw palmetto.
Bottom line: no sweeping statements can be made that apply to all herbs. Each herb and herbal extract needs to be evaluated individually in different dosages for each person who is using them, and also how they interact with other supplements and medicines. There are too many variables that prevent a simplistic answer. Furthermore, different raw material processing companies may have different ways to make herbal extracts, and one batch from one company may be slightly or significantly different than another company. Add the fact that soil conditions, temperature, time of harvesting all influence an herb's composition, you can see why no simple answers can be provided.
Herbal tea use
There are quite a number of herbal teas that are delicious. Use Stevia as a Sweetener. Try these various herbal teas: alfalfa, chamomile, cinnamon, Earl grey, fennel, ginger, green tea (contains caffeine), hibiscus, hops (for nighttime as a sedative), hyssop, lemon balm, licorice (avoid drinking daily since high doses of licorice cause high blood pressure and loss of potassium), milk thistle, mint, nettle, peppermint, and rose hips. Many of these herbal teas can be used during pregnancy but ask your doctor first. See bottom of page for a link to a stevia website.
If you notice that you are having shallow sleep or insomnia, perhaps it is due to consuming too many cups of tea a day. You may consider either reducing your intake, or towards afternoon and evening switching to teas that have sedating properties such as hops.
Herbal weight loss products - Diet Pill
There are several herbs and nutrients that can reduce appetite or cause a thermogenic affect which could help with weight loss. However, whether the herbal weight loss benefits continue with time is difficult to predict due to lack of adequate research. Some companies promote their herbal weight loss products as "herbal phentermine" or "herbal slimming tea." Many people buy these herbal products with high hopes. A few people probably do find that these herbal weight loss products are effective for them. Diet Rx is a product that effectively helps reduce appetite.
Herbal acne remedy or treatment
We are not yet aware of an herbal acne remedy or skin care herbal products that are effective. However, diet does influence acne.
Erectile dysfunction or impotence, difficulty with blood flow
Erectile dysfunction is defined as the consistent inability to obtain or maintain an erection for satisfactory sexual relations while loss of Libido is the loss of sexual desire. For many years patients relied on pharmaceutical medications for erectile dysfunction treatment, but now there is a growing number of effective herbal products and supplements, providing a natural alternative or herbal remedy to erectile dysfunction drugs.
Herbal breast enhancement or enlargement
Over the years many products have been promoted as herbal breast enhancement pills. We are not aware of any human research with herbal breast enhancement pills that have evaluated the role of herbs in enlarging the size of fat cells in breast tissue. Getting fatter overall would enlarge breasts. It's possible that fluid accumulation would lead to breast enhancement, however we are not aware of any product that actually increases the size of fat cells in breast tissue without increasing the size of fat cells in other parts of the body. Having said this, it is possible that there are such herbs that have this breast enhancement effect that we may not be familiar with. We are constantly surprised at the power some herbs have.
Many people are on herbal detox diets. Many people try various "cleansing" methods including olive oil / lemon juice programs, colon irrigation, water and juice fasts, etc. Herbal tablets are promoted to cleanse and rid the body of toxins. Do any of these plans work? And besides, what do people really mean when they use the words "herbal detox" or "cleanse?" Certain people who suffer from depression, fatigue, anxiety, allergies, digestive symptoms, headache, vague aches and pains, etc, think that these symptoms are due to accumulated toxins in their body. Are they right, or are they misdiagnosing the causation of their symptoms?
Many websites and health articles claim that certain plants or plant extracts are herbal antibiotics. It is true that many herbs, when tested in vitro, that means in a test tube in a laboratory, are found to have antimicrobial activity. However, the question remains as to whether taking an herbal supplement or eating certain herbs can act as herbal antibiotics. Will an herbal antibiotic kill an infection in the body? Will an herbal antibiotic cure pneumonia, skin abscess, sinusitis, throat infection, ear infection, and other infections of body organs and tissues? Unfortunately very little has been published in regards to herbal antibiotics and actual human studies with serious infections but some of the research appears promising. One major advantage of pharmaceutical antibiotics is that they are clearly shown to treat and cure many serious infections that would otherwise cause significant morbidity and mortality. The following are some herbs and supplements that have been promoted as having antibiotic potential: Garlic, colloidal silver, propolis, royal jelly, olive leaf extract, oregano, probiotics, and others.
We have not seen official studies evaluating the role of an herbal dietary supplement in smoking cessation. But, if smoking is due to low mood, certain natural antidepressants could be helpful including 5-HTP, SAM-e, and the herb St. John's wort.
Q. Taking herbal products makes my life better. Is there an herbal energy booster you recommend?
A. There are quite a number of such ingredients for energy including suma, maca, ginseng, and rhodiola.
There are quite a number of effective herbal aphrodisiacs. Most doctors have little knowledge of herbal healing or treating sexual dysfunction with natural herbs. Modern medicine does not have good drugs that treat female sexual dysfunction, yet herbal healing for a woman with sexual problems can be achieved with herbal aphrodisiacs. See bottom of page for a link to aphrodisiac herbs.
I would like to ask you about mixing herbs
to make the aphrodisiac or libido herbs of my own, I have purchased some
herbs in powder such as:- Saw Palmetto herb, Yohimbe herb, maca herb,
Ashwaganda herb, Ginkgo Baluba, Muira Puama, Horny Goat Weed herb, Damiana
leaf, Catuaba and also Shatavari roots for ladies? I will mix all those
herbs with certain measurement including other local herbs as well, My
concern is how much is the right and safe measurement should I mix each of
those herbs and which herbs is can or cannot mix or it not necessary to
mix at all, just take the herbs alone?
We suggest first learning how each herb or herbal extract works for you by itself before mixing. It is a very complicated matter and cannot be explained in a paragraph or two. It takes months and years of study and experimentation to learn how to mix herbs properly.
Certain herbs are beneficial to skin health. Some spas use an herbal body wrap. We don't know enough about herbal skin care to comment on the benefits of herbal products for skin care. Herbal soaps are found in herbal stores or health food stores.
Herbal highs and altered states
St. John's wort is used as a herbal mood lifter and can lead to a natural herbal high, but in high dosages it can cause insomnia and tired and fatigue the next day.
Herbs and vitamin are different, so there is no such thing as an herbal vitamin unless you mean an herbal product that also has vitamins in the formula.
Weight loss product
Q. What do you consider to be a good herbal weight loss product?
A. Diet Rx is an excellent herbal product that leads to appetite suppression with hardly any side effects. Hoodia is another herbal weight loss herb. For more information, see the link at the bottom of the page.
Supplements that stimulate testosterone
There are several herbal supplements that in animal studies have been thought to stimulate testosterone release. Two such herbs are tribulus terrestris and tongkat ali. It is not clear whether the testosterone stimulation with these herbal supplements is temporary (the body my get exhausted of its testosterone supply) or consistent over days, weeks and months of use. Long term human studies are not available to give us a good understanding.
Herbal medicine book
Q. Which herbal medicine book do you recommend for the best herbal alternative medicine research?
A. Research with herbs and herbal medicine is changing so quickly, that we prefer learning about the latest information through the internet since by the time a book is written, published, and distributed, the information is already at least a year or two old. Herbal health medicine doctors often read the latest research published on Medline.
Herb, Nutrient and Drug Interactions: Clinical Implications and
Mitchell Bebel Stargrove ND, LAc, Jonathan Treasure MNIMH, AHG, Dwight L. McKee MD
Presenting detailed, evidence-based coverage of the most commonly encountered therapeutic agents in modern clinical practice, this resource is designed to help you safely and effectively integrate herbal, nutrient, and drug therapy for your patients or clients. Combining pharmaceuticals with herbs or nutrients may complement or interfere with a drug's therapeutic action or may increase adverse effects. Furthermore, drug-induced depletion of essential nutrients can occur. Comprehensive clinical data, quick-reference features, and the insight and expertise of trusted authorities help you gain a confident understanding of how herbal remedies and nutritional supplements interact with pharmaceuticals and develop safe, individualized treatment strategies for your patients.
Herbs versus prescription drugs
Pharmaceutical companies have provided us with some wonderful medicines. So has nature. Pharmaceutical companies have, at times, also marketed dangerous drugs. Nature has also created herbs and plants dangerous for human consumption. We often hear people emphatically claiming that herbal therapies are safe and are preferable to drugs. Although this is generally true, it would be simplistic to unequivocally assert that substances found in nature are inherently safer and superior to those synthesized in laboratories. Each chemical, whether natural or man-made, has to be evaluated on its own merits. Let's keep in mind that during millions of years of evolution, herbs created chemicals to help them not only extract and use nutrients found in soil, water, and air, but created chemicals to make themselves unpalatable and toxic to insects and animals bent on consuming them. Poisonous Amanita mushrooms are a case in point. We know that many chemicals found in herbs are not fit for human consumption. The only good way to find out the medicinal merits of a particular herb is to do extensive human testing.
It just happens that certain herbs and plants have produced chemicals that are beneficial for human consumption. Examples are fruits and vegetables. Not only do they contain carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, and minerals, but they also have thousands of nutrients including bioflavonoids and carotenoids that have enormous health-promoting properties. Additionally, many herbs have been found to have chemicals that have potential in the therapy of a variety of human ailments.
Q. I take it that herbs by definition are considered as having some pharmacological properties to them, correct? Can one then also speak of herbs providing some sort of nutrition to the body, meaning providing nutrients to the body, not just acting like a natural drug?
A. The answer is both. There are countless substances in the human body, and there are also countless substances in herbs. Some of the substances in herbs act as pharmaceutical agents, just like drugs. It just happens that some herbs have substances in them that are also found in the body and act as nutritional replacement or supplementation. For instance, the herb wolfberry has a high concentration of zeaxanthin, which, along with lutein, are carotenoids found in the retina of the eye. Zeaxanthin and lutein help improve vision. In this case, the zeaxanthin in wolfberry is acting as a nutritional agent. Herbs also contain many vitamins, minerals, amino acids, fatty acids, and flavonoids which have nutritional value. These substances are used by the body for structural repair, hormone synthesis, and enzymatic activity.
Hercampuri is a Peruvian folk medicine (Gentianella nitida)
Hibifolin, the highest-content bioactive flavonoid of the flowers of Abelmoschus manihot
Hippophae rhamnoides, a plant called the sea buckthorn, has been used for centuries in Asia and Europe as a medicinal product.
Hyperoside flavone information
Health From The Sun Black Currant supplement
Nasal Cool Mist product
Herb, vitamin and food
Barlean's dietary supplement company
Choice Organic teas company makes Whole Tea Organics
Enzymotec USA and Ltd, vitamin company in Israel that makes krill oil supplements
Lipogen PAS with phosphatidylserine
Nutiva hemp foods
Trace Minerals Research company
Q. What is the
difference in the physiological processes that cause the hot water
extract of coffee beans or dried tea leaves to have a noticeable effect
in half an hour, yet other herbs require several doses a day over many
weeks before any effect is noticed?
A. The effect of most herbal supplements is noticed within hours or days. Much depends on the dosage, the lower the dosage the longer time it will take to have an effect. It also depends on the person using the herb, if they are sensitive they will notice the effect quickly whereas others may take many days or a week or two to feel the effects. Also, some herbs work quite quickly whereas others have a slower onset. But the effects from the vast majority of herbs is noticed within a few days or a week or two.
Can you tell me the term herbal extract, what
methods are used are they all the same herbal extract that is how it is
extracted to its full strength to get the positive result. How do you
know the extent of this extract if its good or not besides trying it but
from labeling. My question mainly is what is extract and how is this
process done are you able to tell me please. Also one more question
about ratio 10:1 or what ever, what does that mean. Is it a health issue
or danger to take it say ratio 20:1 or so.
Herbs can be used as a pure crushed powder or more potent forms as extracts. There are many, many different companies that make a more potent concentration of various herbs and each one has their own method of extraction and processing. Therefore, the same herb can have dozens of different extracts and in order to know which is better or best each extract has to be studied in humans. This makes the whole issue very complicated since few such studies have been done. Therefore, the only good way to know which herb is useful to a person in what extract potency is to try it in different dosages. It is not possible to tell from the supplement fact panel on the label whether a particular extract is better for you than another one, unless you try it. A 20 to 1 extract would be more potent than a 10 to 1 extract but this does not mean the stronger one is necessarily better or healthier. It depends on the person using it, in what dosages, and for what medical condition. The whole topic is very complicated and there are no simple answers.
We would like to offer you our Herbs Extracts and Raw Herbs made in Brazil.
Boldo Fluid Extract (Peumus boldus Molina)
Boldo Fluid Extract with 0,09-0,11% boldin HPLC
Camu Camu Dry Extract (Myrciaria dubia Mc Vaugh)
Camu Camu Dry Extract with Minimum 12% Natural vitamin C
Caroba Fluid Extract (Jacaranda caroba (Vell) de Candolle)
Caroba Fluid Extract with tanins 0,4-0,8% ; polyphenols informative
Cassia Fistula Dry Extract (Cassia fistula Linné)
Cassia Fistula Dry Extract with 2-3% total tannins
Centaurea Dry Extract (Erythaea centaurium L. Person)
Centaurea Fluid Extract total tannins 0,58 - 0,72%; polyphenols informative
Chá de Bugre (Cordia salicifolia)
Chá de Bugre 1:1 with Minimum 0,5% total tannins
Chamomile Dry Extract (Matricaria recutita Linné)
Chamomile Tincture with Apigenin content informative
Coentro Dry Extract (Coriandrum sativum Linné)
Coentro Dry Extract without determination
Cola Nut Fluid Extract (Cola nitida (Ventenat) Chevalier)
Cola Nut Fluid Extract with 0,65 - 0,85% caffeine
Crataegus Dry Extract (Crataegus oxyacantha Linné)
Crataegus Dry Extract with 0,5-0,8% total flavonoids
Erva de Bicho Dry Extract (Polygonum hydropiper Linné)
Erva de Bicho Dry Extract with 2,0-3,0% total tannins
Espinheira Santa Dry Extract (Maytenus ilicifolia Martius ex Reiss)
Espinheira Santa Dry Extract with 3,5-4,5% total tannins
Galanga Soft Extract (Alpinia officinarum Hance)
Galanga Soft Extract with 0,5-0,7% total polyphenols
Genciana Soft Extract (Gentiana lutea Linné)
Genciana Soft Extract with 0,6-0,9% total tannins
Grape Seed Dry Extract (Vitis vinifera L.)
Grape Seed Dry Extract with Minimum 95% proanthocyanidins
Green Coffee Seed Dry Extract (Coffea arabica L.)
Green Coffee Seed Dry Extract with Minimum 10% chlorogenic acid
Guaco Fluid Extract (Mikania glomerata Sprengel)
Guaco Fluid Extract with 0,06-0,09% cumarins (HPLC)
Guarana Dry Extract (Paullinia cupana H.B.K.)
Guarana Dry Extract with 9-11% Natural caffeine from Coffee
Hamamelis Fluid Extract (Hamamelis virginiana Linné) with Minimum 2,5% tannins
Horse Chestnut Dry Extract (Aesculus hippocastanum Linné) with 6,5-9,0% escin (spectrophotometry)
Hypericum Dry Extract (Hypericum perforatum L.) with 0,27-0,33% hypericins (UV)
Ipecac (Cephaelis ipecacuanha)
Ipecac Fluid Extract 0.1% emetin
Laranja Amarga Fluid Extract (Citrus aurantium Linné)
Laranja Amarga Fluid Extract with 0,5-0,8% tannins
Liquorice Dry Extract (Glycyrrhiza glabra Linné)
Liquorice Dry Extract with Minimum 5% saponins and minimum 3% glycyrrhizin (Alcaçuz)
Marapuama Dry Extract (Ptycopetalum olacoides Bentham)
Marapuama Dry Extract 1:1 with Minimum 0,1% total alkaloids and tannins
Mate Dry Extract (Ilex paraguariensis Saint-Hillaire)
Mate Dry Extract with 8,0-10% caffeine, minimum theobromine 0,15%, polyphenols informative
Meimendro Fluid Extract (Hyosciamus niger L)
Meimendro Fluid Extract with 0,029-0,036% hyoscyamine
Mulungu Dry Extract (Erythrina velutina M.)
Mulungu Dry Extract with Tannins content informative
Rosa Rubra Fluid Extract (Rosa galica Linné)
Rosa Rubra Fluid Extract with 18-28% total tannins
Rhubarb Fluid Extract (Rheum palmatum L.)
Rhubarb Fluid Extract partially anthraquinones 2,81-3,52%, total anthraquinones 3,06-3,74%
Sacred Bark Dry Extract (Rhamnus purshiana de Candolle)
Sacred Bark Dry Extract with 5-6% cascarosides
Salix Alba Dry Extract (Salix alba L.)
Salix Alba Dry Extract with 1,35-1,65% salicin (HPLC)
Sene Dry Extract (Cassia angustifolia Vahl + Cassia acutifolia Delile)
Sene Dry Extract with 42,5-47,5% total senosides
Tamarind Dry Extract (Tamarindus indica L.)
Tamarind Dry Extract wth 4,5-5,5% tartaric acid
Valerian Dry Extract (Valeriana officinalis L.)
Valerian Dry Extract with 0,72%-0,88% valerenic acid
Pumpkin Danta Trianosperma trilobata
Roman wormwood (Artemisia absinthium
Artickoke Cynara scolymus
Liquorice (Glicyrrhiza glabra)
Caraway (Carum carvi L.)
Rosemary (Lantana microphylla Martius)
Rosemary(Rosmarinus officinalis L.)
Aloe-do-Cabo=Aloe-to-Cape(Aloe ferox Miller)
Hollyhock(Althaea officinalis L.)
Amor-do-Campo="Love of Field"(Desmodium spp)
Angélica (Angelica archangelica L.)
Angico-(Piptadenia colubrina Bth.)
Anis-Estrelado="Anis-star"(Llicium verum Hooker)
Aperta-Ruao=Tie-Rouen(Piper aduncum Velloso)
Aquileia(Mil Folhas = Thousand Leaves)-(Achillea milefolium
Aroeira-(Schinnus terebinthifolius Rad.)
Arruda-(Ruta graveolens L.)
Artemisia-(Artemisia vulgaris L.)
Avenca-Maidenhair(Adianthum capillus veneris L.)
Barbatimao-(Stryphnodendron barbatiman M)
Bardana=Burdock(Arctium lappa L.)
Beladona=Belladonna( Atropa belladona L.)
Betula=Birch(Betula olba L.)
Boldo do Chile-(Peumus boldus Molina)
Buchinha-do-Norte - (Luffa operculata L.)
Cabelo-de-Milho="Hair-of-Corn(Zea mays L.)
Cafe=Coffee(Coffea arábica L.)
Cajueiro-(Anacaradium occidentale L.)
Calamo Aromático=Aromatic pen (Acorus calamus L.)
Calcio de Ostras=Calcium-of Oysters (Ostrea spp)
Calendula-(Calendula officinalis L.)
Calumba-(Jatrorrhiza palmata Miers)
Cambara-(Lantana camara L.)
Capim-Cidrao=Grass Cidrao(Cymbopogon citratus S.)
Carapia=Carapa(Dorstenia multiformis Miq)
Carobinha-(Jacaranda caroba Vellozo)
Carqueja=Gorse(Baccharis gaudichaudiana D.C)
Carqueja Amarga=Bitter Gorse(Baccharis genistteloides P)
Carrapicho=Bur(Desmodium axilares D.C)
Cartilagem de Tubarão=Cartilage of shark(Ordem selachii)
Carvalho Limusine="Limousine Oak"(Quercus robur
Casca-d'Anta=Bark d´Anta(Drymis winteri Forst.)
Catuaba-(Trichilia catigua Adr.Juss.)
Centaurea Menor=Minor knapwood(Eryhraea centaurium
Centella Asiatica=Asian-Centella (Centella asiática
Cha Branco=White Tea-(Camelia sinensis)
Chapéu-de-Couro="Hat of Leather"(Echinodorus grandiflorus Micheli)
Chá Preto=Black Tea(Thea sinensis)
Chá Verde=Green Tea(Camelia sinensis)
Cipo-Azougue=Cipo-Mercury(Apodanthera smilacifolia Cog)
Cipo-Cabeludo-(Mikania hirsutissima D.C)
Cipo Cravo=Cipo Carnation(Tynnanthus fasciculatus Mie.)
Cipo Mil Homens="Cipo Thousand Men"(Aristolochia cymbifera Mart.)
Cipo Prata=Cipo Silver(Banistera argyrophylla Juss)
Cipo Suma - (Anchieta salutaris St Hill.)
Condurango-(Marsdenia condurango Reich)
Cordao de Frade (Leonitis nepetaefolia
Efedra-(Ephedra sinica Stapf.)
Emburana-(Torresia cearensis Allem.)
Endro=Dill(Anethum graveolens L.)
Enula-(Inula helenium L.)
Equinacea=Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea L.)
Erva Baleeira="Whaling-herb" (Cordia verbenácea)
Erva de Bicho-(Polygonum spp.)
Erva de Bugre -(Casearia sylvestris Swatz.)
Erva-de-Macaé-(Lenurus sibiricus L.)
Erva de Santa Maria-(Chenopodium ambrosioides)
Erva de São João-(Agerantum conyzoides L.)
Erva-Doce=sweet grass( Pimpinella anisum L)
Erva Tostão=Penny-grass (Boerhavia hirsuta Will)
Escamonéia-(Convolvulus scammonia L.)
Espinheira Santa-(Maytenus ilicifolia Martius)
Fava Tonka/Cumarú-(Dipterox odorata L.)
Farinha de Maracujá=Passion Fruit-flour (Passiflora spp)
Fel da Terra=Fel of the Earth (Erythraea centaurium L.)
Fitolaca-(Phytolaca decandra L.)
Frângula=Frangula(Rhamnus frangula L)
Fucus Vesiculosos-Vesicular-Fucus (Fucus vesciculosos L.)
Fumária=Fumitory(Fumaria officinalis L.)
Funcho=Fennel-(Foeniculum vulgare Miller)
Feno Grego=Greek Hay(Trigonella foenum L.)
Galanga=Lesser galanga (Alpinia officinarum Hance)
Garcínia-(Garcinia cambogia Desr)
Garra- do -Diabo=Claw-of-Hell(Harpagophytum procumbens D.C)
Genciana=Gentian-(Gentiana lutea L.)
Gengibre=Ginger (Zingiber officinalis Roscoe)
Ginko-Biloba-(Ginkgo biloba L.)
Ginseng-Panax-(Panax ginseng Meyer)
Goiabeira=Guava-(Psidium guajava Raddi)
Goma-Benjoim (Styrax spp)
Goma-Mirra=Mirra-Gum (Commiphora myrrha Ness)
Grindélia-(Grindelia robusta Nut.)
Guaçatonga-(Casearia sylvestris Swartz)
Guaco-(Mikania glomerata Sprengel)
Guiné=Guinea(Petiveria alliacea L.)
Hamamelis-(Hamamelis Virginiana L)
Hibiscus-(Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)
Hipérico-Hyper (Hypericum perforatum L.)
Hissopo=Hyssop (Hyssopos officinalis L.)
Hortelã-Mint (Mentha arvenis L.)
Incenso Granulado-Granulated Incense(Boswellia carteri Birdw)
Ipê Roxo (pau d´arco) -(Tabebuia avellanedae Lor.)
Japecanga-(Smilax japacanga Grisebach)
Jasmin-(Jasminum officinale L)
Jatoba-(Hymenaea courbaril L.)
Jequitibá-(Cariniana brasilenses casa)
Jua-(Zizyphus joazeiro Mart.)
Jurubeba-(Solanum paniculatum L)
Kawa-Kawa-(Piper methysticum Forster)
Laranja Casca Amarga=Bitter Rind Orange (Citrus auratium var.Amara L.)
Laranja Casca Doce=Sweet Rind Orange (Citrus aurantium)
Laranjeira-Orange (Citrus aurantium L.)
Levedura de Cerveja=beer-yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisae Meyen)
Limão-Bravo-Bravo Lemon (Siparuna apiocyse D.C)
Linhaça-linseed= (Linum usitatissimum L.)
Lírio-Florentino=Lily-Florentino(Iris florentina L.)
Losna=Absinth (Artemisia absinthium L.)
Lúpulo=Hop-(Humulus lupulus L.)
Maca-(Lepidium meyenii Walp)
Malva Silvestris-(Malva sylvestris
Manjericão=Basil (Ocimum bassillicum
Manjerona Marjoram-(Origanum majorana
Maracujá=Passion Fruit(Passiflora spp)
Marapuama=Muirapuama (Ptychopetalum olacoides
Melão-de-São Caetano=Melon-of-St. Caetano-((Momordica charantia
Melissa-(Lippia alba L.)
Melissa Officinalis-(Melissa officinalis
Mulungu-(Erythrina mulungu Martius)
Neen=Neena (Antilaea azadirachta)
Nó-de-Cachorro (Heteropteris aphrodisiaca
Nogueira (Junglans spp)
Noz-de-Cola Nut Cola (Cola nitida Ventenat
Noz-Moscada Nutmeg (Myristica fragans
Noz-Vômica Nut Vomica (Strychnnos nux-vomica
Oil of Copaíba (Copaifera spp)
Oleo Vermelho (red oil) -(Myroxylon balsamum
Olho de Boi Ox eye (Mucuna sp)
Oliveira-Olive (Olea europea
Oregano (Origanum vulgare
Pariparoba (Potomorphe umbellata Mig.)
Pata- de- Vaca-(Bauhinia spp)
Patchouli (Pogostemon patchouly Pellet)
Pau-Ferro (Caesalpinea ferrea
Pau-Pereira (Geissospermum laevis Psillium)
Peroba (Acosmium subelegans Mohlemby)
Pfaffia (Pfaffia stenophylla)
Pfaffia (Pfaffia paniculata O.Kuntze)
Picão (Bidens pilosa
Pichuri Graúdo-Big Pichuri (Nectandrapichury Ness)
Poejo (Mentha pulegium
Polígala (Polygala senega
Porangaba (Cordia ecalyculata
Pulmonária Lungwort (Pulmonaria officinalis)
Pulsatila Pasqueflower(Anemona pulsatilla
Quina-Amarela=Yellow-Quina (Cichona calisaya Wedell)
Quina-Calissaia-(Chinchona calisaya Wedell)
Quina-Quina-(Coutare hexandra Schum)
Quina-Vermelha=Red-Quina-(Cinchona succirubra Paron.)
Ratânia-Ratan (Krameria triandra Ruiz Pa)
Rauwolfia-(Rauwolfia serpentina Benth)
Romã-Pomegranate (Punica granatum
Rosa Branca-White Rose (Rosa centifolia
Rosa-Rubra-(Rosa gallica L.)
Ruibarbo Rhubarb (Rheum palmatum
Sabalis Sabal (Sabal Serrulata Hook)
Sabugueiro Elderberries (Sambucus nigra
Salix Alba-(Salix alba
Salssaparrilha (Smilax spp)
Sálvia Sage (Salvia officinalis
Sálvia Esclarea Clarified-sage (Salvia esclarea)
Sassafrás-(Ocotea pretiosa Mrz)
Saw Palmeto-(Serenoa repens S.)
Sene-Folhas=Sene-Leaves (cassia angustifolia Vahl)
Sene-Fruto-(Cassia angustifolia Vahl)
Sete Sangria="Seven Sangria" (Cuphea spp)
Stévia-(Stevia rebaudiana Hemsl)
Taiuiá-(Cayaponia tayuya Martins)
Tília-Linden (Tilia cortada Miller)
Tinguaciba (Xanthoxylum tinguassuiba
Tomilho Thyme (Thymus vulgaris
Trapoeraba Spiderwort (Tradescantia diuretica
Trombeteira Trumpeter (Datura suaveolens
Unha- de- Gato=Cat´s Claw (Uncaria tomentosa
Urtiga=Nettle (Urtiga dióica
Uva-Ursi-(Arctostaphylos uva ursi
Uva do Mato="weeds grape" (Cissus gongylodes
Velame-do-Campo="Field Velamen" (Croton campestris St. Hilaire)
Zedoária Zedo (Curcuma zedoaria
Zimbro Juniper (Juniperus communis